CCAMLR implements measures to support the conservation and management of Antarctic living marine resources by reducing the risk harvesting activities may have on the sustainability of target species, on species taken incidentally as by-catch and on the marine ecosystem. CCAMLR seeks to achieve optimal levels of compliance with conservation measures and has been pioneering in its endeavors to achieve this. CCAMLR has recently adopted a conservation measure to support the implementation of a Compliance Evaluation Procedure (Conservation Measure 10-10) for all Members.
CCAMLR conservation measures support a suite of monitoring and compliance systems and tools. Members implement compliance systems that include:
- vessel licensing (Conservation Measure 10-02)
- monitoring of vessel movements (Conservation Measure 10-04)
- monitoring of vessel transhipments (Conservation Measure 10-09)
- the System of Inspection
- the Vessel Monitoring System (Conservation Measure 10-04)
- the Catch Documentation Scheme (Conservation Measure 10-05)
Concerned that Illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing compromises the objectives of the CAMLR Convention, CCAMLR has adopted additional conservation measures to specifically address the threat of IUU fishing. These conservation measures include the establishment of the Non-Contracting Party IUU Vessel List (Conservation Measure 10-07) and the Contracting Party IUU Vessel List (Conservation Measure 10-06) and obligations in respect of the control of nationals from CCAMLR Member countries (Conservation Measure 10-08).
The Standing Committee on Implementation and Compliance (SCIC) is a subsidiary body to the Commission and meets annually to review the operation of conservation measures and compliance systems and to advise the Commission on their refinement and implementation.