Results of published studies on the biology, biomass and distribution of the Antarctic toothfish (Dissostichus mawsoni) were reviewed. The review focused on those aspect of the species which are of importance for the assessment of its biomass and identification of its stocks. The trophodynamics of D. mawsoni are mentioned only in brief. Most published materials refer to studies conducted in the 1970-1980s. References in current publications on new studies of this species are scarce. A list of references is appended.