Age and growth of spiny icefish, Chaenodraco wilsoni, were investigated using counts of annual growth increments from sagittal otoliths. Samples were collected during research surveys by benthic trawl carried out off Joinville-D’Urville Islands (Antarctic Peninsula) in February-March 2006 and January 2007. A total of 218 specimens were selected for the study, consisting of 120 females and 98 males. The age of fish was estimated by counting annuli on transverse sections obtained by grinding and polishing whole otoliths embedded in epoxy resin in moulds. The precision of age estimates between readings was tested applying both the average percent error (APE) and the coefficient of variation (CV). The estimated age range was 1-5 for males and 1-4 for females of C. wilsoni. Applying the von Bertalanffy growth function to the age-length data, a growth curve was obtained for each sex. The estimated values of VB growth parameters L∞ and k were respectively 32.7 cm and 0.81 for females and 32.7 cm and 0.68 for males. Age at sexual maturity was estimated to be about 2 years for females and 2.5 years for males. Compared to other channichthyids, the spiny icefish exhibited a high growth rate until they reached sexual maturity and a considerable short life span. The fish population of C. wilsoni caught in the studied area consisted mainly of adult specimens between 1 and 3 years of age, with very few older fish.