The results of the fifth annual survey of entanglement of Antarctic fur seals at Signy Island, South Orkney Islands are reported for the 2000/2001 summer season. This is the first year in which there were no sightings of seals with neck collars of man-made debris. Data are compared with results from a parallel study undertaken at Bird Island, South Georgia in 2000/2001. In contrast to Signy Island, these indicated that the number of entangled fur seals had increased (by57%) compared to the previous year. The absence of entangled seals at Signy Island could be due to the relatively low numbers of seals coming ashore (10,091) which was 51% fewer than 1999/2000. Notwithstanding this, the incidence of entanglement has been following a declining trend since 1998/1999. Nevertheless, CCAMLR members need to continue their campaign to ensure that vessels are aware of, and comply with, regulations prohibiting the disposal of debris at sea.