6 October 2012
National flags representing countries from all around the globe are again flying on Macquarie Street as the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) prepares to welcome some 200 marine scientists, natural resource managers, marine policy makers and diplomats to its 2012 annual meetings in Hobart. Participants from about 30 countries around the world will start arriving in Hobart over the weekend for CCAMLR’s scientific meetings which go from Monday 8 October to Thursday 1 November.
This involves an estimate of AU$1.2 million contribution to the local economy of Hobart, for accommodation and food, using the UN’s calculation of daily subsistence allowance. This figure does not include delegates holidaying around Tasmania before or after the meetings.
The 2012 meetings will concentrate on work commenced in 2005 aimed at establishing a representative system of marine protected areas, by 2012, in the Southern Ocean. Over the last seven years, CCAMLR’s Members have committed considerable scientific effort to identifying regions in the Southern Ocean that justify high levels of protection. In addition to serving as reference areas for further scientific research on the impacts of activities such as fishing, these regions also offer significant potential for monitoring the impacts of environmental changes occurring in the Southern Ocean, such as climate change.
In 2009, CCAMLR established its first marine protected area – a region covering 94,000 km2 in the southern Atlantic on the South Orkney southern shelf. This year, the CCAMLR Members will consider proposals to establish a representative system of marine protected areas at seven locations in eastern Antarctica, a region in the Ross Sea and in coastal areas to protect bottom ecosystems exposed as a result of ice shelf collapse on the Antarctic Peninsula.
In short: CCAMLR’s annual meetings in Hobart
- Since 30 years, some 200 participants from more than 30 countries around the world fly in to Hobart for 4 weeks of scientific meetings
- The meetings are held at CCAMLR’s headquarters in Hobart on 181 Macquarie Street from 8 October to 1 November
- The participants are scientists, natural resource managers, policy makers or ambassadors
- The 2012 meetings will focus on establishing a representative system of marine protected areas around Antarctica
- $1.2 million income to the local economy of Hobart, using the UN’s calculation of daily subsistence allowance.
Background information about CCAMLR
CCAMLR is among only a handful of international organisations, established by international treaty, with their headquarters in Australia. One other, the Agreement for the Conservation of Albatross and Petrels, is also based in Hobart.
CCAMLR emerged from the existing Antarctic Treaty which has been in place since 1961. The Antarctic Treaty is a significant international arrangement that has provided a scientific and legal platform for international collaboration in the Antarctic through more than five decades of significant global political and economic change. It provides, among other things, that the Antarctic can only be used for peaceful purposes, that there is freedom of scientific investigation, that the results of scientific investigations are shared, and that matters of sovereignty over areas of the Antarctic will not be pursued while the Treaty is in force.
While the Antarctic Treaty has been robust, it does not provide a mechanism for monitoring, conserving and managing harvested fish stocks. In the face of increasing commercial interest in those marine resources, the Parties to the Antarctic Treaty negotiated of an arrangement, within the framework of the Antarctic Treaty, focusing on the conservation and rational use of Antarctic marine living resources. Started in 1978, these negotiations concluded with the signing of the Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CAMLR Convention) in Canberra on 20 May 1980. The CAMLR Convention entered into force on 7 April 1982. To implement the Convention, the Parties established the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) with a small Secretariat in Hobart, located on 181 Macquarie Street. The European Union and 24 countries are now Members of CCAMLR. Ten other countries have formally acceded to the Convention.
In short: What is CCAMLR?
- CCAMLR stands for the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources
- CCAMLR was established by international convention in 1982
- CCAMLR’s objective is to conserve Antarctic marine life
- CCAMLR is an international commission with 25 Members, and a further 10 countries have acceded to the Convention
- CCAMLR practises an ecosystem-based management approach
- Sustainable fishing practises in Antarctica is allowed
A large range of conservation measures need to be followed by all fishers in Antarctica