A four-day workshop on illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing was held in Cape Town in July 2012 for 40 participants from 19 African States with responsibilities relating to port State controls. The workshop focused on assessing and developing Port State controls to combat illegal fishing activity and ensure that effective controls are in place at their maritime borders.
The workshop explored how ineffective or poorly administered Port State controls provide a means for IUU fishing activity to flourish, and highlighted cases where effective action to combat IUU fishing has been taken. There was a strong practical element to the workshop providing an understanding of the role of port authorities and the supply chain processes in tackling IUU fishing.
The Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) and the New Partnership for African Development (NEPAD) agency’s Partnership for African Fisheries (PAF) Stop Illegal Fishing working group (SIF) delivered this workshop, with assistance from the Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, South Africa (DAFF); the Australian Fisheries Management Authority (AFMA); and the UK Foreign & Commonwealth Office (FCO). The Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), Stop Illegal Fishing (SIF), TRAFFIC, the University of Oslo and the University of Cape Town also contributed.
This workshop complemented and built on a similar event, held in 2010, that focused on the role of flag State controls in combating IUU fishing and identified a range of actions participants could take to strengthen those controls within their countries. Examples of successful action taken by Mozambique, Liberia and Namibia against the IUU vessels Ross, Antillas Reefer, Txori Argi and Doniene demonstrated that African States have improved collaboration regionally and strengthened their legal frameworks to take effective action against IUU fishing vessels.
The workshop had a strong role-play component, facilitated by SIF, FAO and AFMA and provided an effective forum for participants to experience the complexities and issues associated with port inspections and resulting prosecutions. There was a high level of engagement demonstrated by participants and a willingness to address the gaps that constrain efforts to address IUU fishing in their own countries.
Participants were asked to identify three key areas that they would work on improving when they returned home. Overwhelmingly, participants identified the need to improve communication, information sharing and regional collaboration. The workshop provided valuable information and tools to assist African states in achieving these identified goals.
Convenor contact details
|James Jansen||Foreign Commonwealth Office||James.Jansen@fco.gov.uk|
|Sarah Reinhart||Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Living Marine Resources||Sarah.Reinhart@ccamlr.org|
|Bonney Webb||Australian Fisheries Management Authority||Bonney.Webb@afma.gov.au|
|John Davis||Australian Fisheries Management Authority||John.Davis@afma.gov.au|
|Pheobius Mullins||Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestryemail@example.com|